jueves, 19 de noviembre de 2009

El loto dorado y los pies de las geishas

En pocos lugares es tan apreciada la belleza de los pies como en algunos países de Oriente, donde hay toda una cultura para su cuidado; sin embargo, en la historia de estos países hay algunos antecedentes de los pies que han puesto en peligro a las mujeres que, con la finalidad de cumplir los cánones de belleza, han arriesgado su integridad y su salud.

Para muestra estos dos casos: el primero tiene su origen en una práctica que ya no es común, pero que llegó a ser muy generalizada y fue conocida como "el loto dorado", pues de acuerdo a una leyenda en el siglo X, el emperador Li Yu le solicitó a su esposa favorita bailar encima de una flor de loto de oro y ella, para lograrlo, vendó sus pies con una cinta que permitió que sus extremidades se posaran con gracia sobre esta flor,

Desde entonces, en China se difundió la práctica de atar los pies de las niñas desde los 4 años para lograr que midieran el ideal: tan sólo 7 centímetros; práctica que deformaba los huesos de las jovencitas, hasta dejarlas a veces incapaces de moverse. A partir del año 1911 esta costumbre empezó a erradicarse, pues las lesiones que les causaban eran a menudo irreversibles y representaban el deseo de tener esposas "quietas" y sumisas, que no se alejaran jamás de sus casas.

En otro país de Oriente, en Japón, las mujeres que eran el prototipo de belleza más simbólico, las Geishas, portan para su entrenamiento altos suecos de cerca de 10 centímetros, que evitaban que su kimono se maltratara y les daban un aire elegante al caminar. Hakimono es el nombre genérico que recibe el calzado usado por las Maikos (aprendices) y las geishas.

La cinta que va entre los dedos de los zapatos de las Maiko cambia de color a medida que avanza en su aprendizaje, comenzando por el rojo, continua el rosa y finalmente llegan al color lila. Los okobo llevan un cascabel dentro, por lo que es normal que cuando se escucha uno, una Maiko se acerca.

Las geisha también llevan suecos y sandalias, éstos reciben el nombre de Geta, pero son mucho más bajos que los de la Maiko.

En verano, tanto las Maikos y las Geishas utilizan las sandalias lacadas en negro, ya que con la transpiración la otra madera se mancha, y era muy antiestético ver las manchas en las sandalias. Otro tipo de sandalia, que llevan tanto las Maikos y las Geishas, son las zori. Éstas son en cuero, y van recubiertas en la parte superior.

Los cuidados que puedes darle a tus pies han cambiado con el paso del tiempo; actualmente puedes protegerte de manera completa con la línea de cuidado integral de Tecnipie. Para conocerla visita nuestra página en http://www.tecnipie.com

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